<bioghist> Biography or History

<bioghist> is an essay or chronology which puts the materials in a historical context. It may contain the information as simple text inside <p> elements or a <chronlist>. It may be nested within itself for complex biographical and historical data (for example, multiple family members).

<bioghist> is one of the elements which may be used within <archdesc>, <c>, <c01> … <c12>, and itself.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @encodinganalog – not required. May contain information to map this tag to a particular element in another schema.
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @localtype – not required. This attribute may be used within a number of elements. Its use and values are not defined by the schema and may be defined locally.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<bioghist> may contain an optional <head> element. It must contain one or more of the following: <blockquote>, <chronlist>, <list>, <p>, <table>, and further <bioghist> elements.


See DACS Section 2.7, Administrative/biographical history. (Page 34 of 2007 edition; page 57 of 2007 edition PDF.) For more on writing this content, see DACS Section 10, Administrative/biographical history. (Page 93 of 2007 edition; page 116 of 2007 edition PDF.)


	<head>Biography of Salazar Slytherin</head>
	<p>Salazar Slytherin was born in the first half of the tenth century, somewhere in fen-country England. Researchers believe it was likely Norfolk, Lincolnshire, or Cambridgeshire, but may have been a connected county. He came from a family of pure-blood wizards, although the names of his parents are not recorded. It is unknown whether he trained at a school of the time, at home, or under a master. Together with Gryffindor, Ravenclaw, and Hufflepuff, he founded the <expan abbr="HSWW">Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry</expan>.</p>
	<p>At Hogwarts, Slytherin taught Legilimency, the magical art of forming a mental connection with another's mind and extracting information or interacting with their thought processes. This may have been a genetic talent, as his descendent, Tom Riddle, was also a noted legilimens. Slytherin was also a Parselmouth, a known genetic trait, and able to speak with snakes. He bred at least one basilisk, which he left at Hogwarts in the Chamber of Secrets. The Chamber remained unopened until 1943, when Riddle opened it and used the basilisk to attack Muggle-borns. The basilisk was not killed until 1993.</p>
	<p>Slytherin believed that the school should only teach pure-blood students and should definitely not accept students whose parents were both Muggles. His own house, Slytherin, continued this tradition, but the other founders overruled him. After an argument with Godric Gryffindor, which may have involved a duel, Slytherin left the school.</p>
	<p>While it is not known when or where Slytherin died, one of his spell books and a final journal were recovered shortly before the turn of the twelfth century by Slytherin alumnus and professor Albert Shallowheart. It is assumed that Slytherin was dead when these books were recovered.</p>

Changes from EAD 2002

<bioghist> gained attributes @lang and @script. @type changed to @localtype. It lost child elements <address> and <note>.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <bioghist>