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<abbr> Abbreviation

<abbr> is a generic element which encodes the shortened form of a word, including acronyms. The EXPAN attribute may be used to supply the full form of the word or words for indexing or searching, but it is not required. See also <expan>.

<abbr> may be used within <abstract>, <archref>, <bibref>, <container>, <creation>, <descrules>, <dimensions>, <emph>, <entry>, <event>, <extent>, <extref>, <extrefloc>, <item>, <label>, <langmaterial>, <langusage>, <materialspec>, <origination>, <p>, <physdesc>, <physfacet>, <physloc>, <ref>, <refloc>, <repository>, <subtitle>, <titleproper>, <unitdate>, <unitid>, and <unittitle>.


  • ALTRENDER – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • AUDIENCE – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • ID – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • EXPAN – not required. May contain the full text represented by the abbreviation.


<abbr> may only contain PCDATA.


<p>[...] During those years, she served as a <abbr expan="Peace Corps Volunteer">PCV</abbr> in the Philippines.</p>

(Note: The above abbreviation would be best used in a repository which dealt with Peace Corps documents enough to make “PCV” a common abbreviation.)

	<p><abbr expan="Autographed Letter Signed">ALS</abbr></p>

EAD tag library entry for <abbr>.