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<occupation> Occupation

<occupation> is a term identifying a type of work, profession, trade, business, or avocation significantly reflected in the described materials. Not all occupations need to be tagged, but those for which greater retrieval should be provided may be tagged. The element may be used to tag any function during a paragraph, with the NORMAL attribute supplying the proper form of the term. Occupations which feature significantly in the material should be listed within <controlaccess> even if they are indicated elsewhere. <occupation> may be used within <controlaccess>, <entry>, <event>, <extref>, <extrefloc>, <indexentry>, <item>, <label>, <namegrp>, <p>, <physdesc>, <physfacet>, <ref>, <refloc>, and <unittitle>.

<occupation> should not be confused with <function>, which is used to designate the spheres of activities that generated the materials, rather than a profession, etc. It should also not be confused with the ROLE attribute on various other names which is used to specify the relationship of that name to the materials, vs. an occupation which features in the materials.

Attributes

  • ALTRENDER – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • AUDIENCE – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • ID – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • AUTHFILENUMBER – not required. A number that identifies the authority file record for an access term drawn from that authority file (the source for this number/the access term should be in SOURCE).
  • ENCODINGANALOG – not required. May contain information to map this tag to MARC field 656.
  • NORMAL – not required. Can be used to provide the authority form if the name is being used informally within narrative text, etc.
  • ROLE – not required. May be used to designate the role which the term played in the collection, e.g. “subject.”
  • RULES – not required. May be used to specify the descriptive rules followed when forming the term.
  • SOURCE – not required. The source of the controlled vocabulary, e.g. “lcsh” for Library of Congress Subject Headings.

Subelements

<occupation> may contain PCDATA, <emph>, <extptr>, <lb />, and <ptr>.

Examples

<bioghist>
...
<p>... During this period, she <occupation normal="Math teacher" source="local">taught math</occupation> at the <corpname source="lcsh">Central Mindanao University</corpname>.</p>
<bioghist>
<controlaccess>
	<head>Occupations:</head>
	<occupation source="local">Peace Corps volunteer</occupation>
	<occupation source="local">Math teacher</occupation>
	<occupation source="local">Linguistics professor</occupation>
</controlaccess>

EAD tag library entry for <occupation>.