<geogname> Geographic Name

<geogname> encodes the proper noun designation for a place, natural feature, or political jurisdiction. Not all places need to be tagged, but those for which greater retrieval should be provided may be tagged. The element may be used to tag any place during a paragraph, with the @normal attribute supplying the proper form of the term.

Geographic names which feature significantly in the material should be listed within <controlaccess> even if they are indicated elsewhere. It may be used within <abstract>, <archref>, <bibref>, <chronitem>, <chronitemset>, <controlaccess>, <entry>, <event>, <indexentry>, <item>, <namegrp>, <p>, <physfacet>, <ref>, <relation>, and <unittitle>.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @encodinganalog – not required. May contain information to map this tag to MARC fields 651 or 752.
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @identifier – not required. A machine-readable unique identifier related to the content of the element. On access terms and other elements whose content is drawn from an authority file, the unique identifier for the term being used. If this attribute is used, @source should also be used to identify the authority file.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @localtype – not required. This attribute may be used within a number of elements. Its use and values are not defined by the schema and may be defined locally.
  • @normal – not required. Can be used to provide the authority form if the name is being used informally within narrative text, etc.
  • @relator – not required. Use it to specify either as a URI or a phrase (string), other relationship(s) the geographic name has to the described materials, for example. Replaces and extends functionality of @role from EAD 2002.
  • @rules – not required. May be used to specify the descriptive rules followed when forming the name.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.
  • @source – not required. The source of the controlled vocabulary, e.g. “lcsh” for Library of Congress Subject Headings.

Child Elements

<geogname> must contain at least one <part> which contains its data. More parts may be used to designate sections. The <part> element(s) may be followed by zero or more <geographiccoordinates>, used to provide greater specificity.


<geogname identifier="http://viaf.org/viaf/14135034"><part>Minneapolis</part><part>Minnesota</part><geographiccoordinates coordinatesystem="WGS84">44.9799700, -93.2638400</geographiccoordinates></geogname>
      <geogname identifier="https://www.geonames.org/5194941/"><part>Intercourse</part> <part>Pennsylvania</part></geogname>
      <event><persname identifier="http://id.quiltlink.org/people/2847245"><part>Lo</part> <part>Mao</part> <part>Moua</part></persname> establishes <corpname><part>Pennsylvania Hmong Crafts</part></corpname> to sell Amish-style quilts alongside <foreign lang="hmn" render="italic">paj ntaub</foreign> and Hmong embroidery in the tourist district of Intercourse, PA.</event>
      <geogname identifier="https://www.geonames.org/5194941/"><part>Intercourse</part> <part>Pennsylvania</part></geogname>
      <event>The shop remains open alongside competing institutions.</event>
      <geogname identifier="https://www.geonames.org/5197079/"><part>Lancaster</part> <part>Pennsylvania</part></geogname>
      <event><persname identifier="http://id.quiltlink.org/people/2847245"><part>Moua</part></persname> moves the business to her home in Lancaster while continuing to sell at events.</event>

Changes from EAD 2002

<geogname> gained @lang, @localtype, and @script. @relator replaced @role. It lost @authfilenumber. It lost all child elements except <part>, which now much be used to encode all information, and <geographiccoordinates>..

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <geogname>