<title> Title

<title> encodes the formal name of a work listed in the finding aid. Subtitles do not have a separate element but may be included within <title>. It should not be confused with <titleproper> or <unittitle>, which have specific uses. However, <title> may be used within <unittitle>. It may also be used within <abstract>, <archref>, <bibref>, <controlaccess>, <entry>, <event>, <indexentry>, <item>, <namegrp>, <p>, <physfacet>, <ref>, and <unittitle>.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @encodinganalog – not required. May contain information to map this tag to a particular element in another schema.
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @identifier – not required. A machine-readable unique identifier related to the content of the element. On access terms and other elements whose content is drawn from an authority file, the unique identifier for the term being used. If this attribute is used, @source should also be used to identify the authority file.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @localtype – not required. This attribute may be used within a number of elements. Its use and values are not defined by the schema and may be defined locally.
  • @normal – not required. Can be used to provide the a normalized form of the title for indexing purposes.
  • @relator – not required. Use it to specify either as a URI or a phrase (string), other relationship(s) the title has to the described materials. Replaces and extends functionality of @role from EAD 2002.
  • @render – not required. May be used to specify how the element should be displayed and printed. Possible values are altrender (see @altrender above), bold, bolddoublequote, bolditalic, boldsinglequote, boldsmcaps, boldunderline, doublequote, italic, nonproport, singlequote, smcaps, sub, super, underline.
  • @rules – not required. May be used to specify the descriptive rules followed when forming the title.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.
  • @source – not required. The source of the controlled vocabulary, e.g. “lcsh” for Library of Congress Subject Headings.

Child Elements

<title> must contain at least one <part>.


    <p>Context for the department history note was taken from <title><part>Patchwork: A History of Quilting Education in the United States</part></title>.</p>
  <head>Works Citing the Collection</head>
    <bibref>Collins, Portia. <title><part>"Tools, Techniques, and Technologies: the Evolution of Quilting Practice from 1820 to 2000"</part></title>. Quilting Studies Quarterly 83:2 (<date normal="2013-06">June 2013</date>): 283-312.</bibref>
    <bibref>Gilmore, Marian. <title render="italic"><part>Rethinking Women's Technologies</part></title>. <date normal="1998">1998</date>. <ref href="https://catalog.piecemaking.edu/catalog/9twe2" show="new" actuate="onload">Catalog record.</ref></bibref>
    <bibref>Miller, Marcus. <title render="italic"><part>Teaching Textiles</part></title>. <date normal="2010">2010</date>. <ref href="https://catalog.piecemaking.edu/catalog/93952" show="new" actuate="onload">Catalog record.</ref></bibref>    

Changes from EAD 2002

<title> gained @lang and @script. @type changed to @localtype. The attribute @authfilenumber was replaced by @identifier and @role was replaced and expanded by @relator. It lost all child elements except <part>, which now much be used to encode all information.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <title>