<abbr> Abbreviation

<abbr> is a generic element which encodes the shortened form of a word or phrase, including acronyms. The @expan attribute may be used to supply the full form of the word or words for indexing or searching, but it is not required.

Within <conventiondeclaration> it is used to specify the code for a thesaurus, controlled vocabulary, or other standard used in creating the EAD description. Best practices recommend using an authorized list of codes, such as the MARC Description Convention Source Codes. It may not be repeated within <conventiondeclaration>, although it may be reused within any other parent element.

<abbr> may be used within <abstract>, <addressline>, <archref>, <author>, <bibref>, <citation>, <container>, <conventiondeclaration>, <date>, <datesingle>, <didnote>, <dimensions>, <edition>, <emph>, <entry>, <event>, <fromdate>, <head>, <head01>, <head02>, <head03>, <item>, <label>, <localtypedeclaration>, <materialspec>, <num>, <p>, <part>, <physdesc>, <physfacet>, <physloc>, <publisher>, <quote>, <ref>, <sponsor>, <subtitle>, <titleproper>. <todate>, <unitdate>, <unitid>, and <unittitle>.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @expan – not required. May be used to designate the expanded form of an abbreviation.
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<abbr> may only contain text.


    <citation href="https://saa-ts-dacs.github.io/dacs/" lastdatetimeverified="2020-06-09T16:30:21Z" linktitle="DACS in HTML on GitHub" actuate="onload" show="new">Describing Archives: a Content Standard</citation>
    <p>This finding aid conforms to the University Archives' standards for DACS-compliant description, including all Required and Optimum fields.</p>
  <head>Location of Originals</head>
  <p>File contains photocopies of the originals. Original newsletters are held by the <expan abbr="NARA">National Archives and Records Administration</expan> in accordance with <ref href="https://www.archives.gov/files/records-mgmt/rcs/schedules/independent-agencies/rg-0255/n1-255-92-004_sf115.pdf" linkrole="application/pdf"><abbr expan="National Archives and Records Administration">NARA</abbr> Request N1-255-92-004</ref>.</p>

Changes from EAD 2002

<abbr> had only minor changes from EAD 2002, changing some parent elements and gaining attributes @lang and @script.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <abbr>