<abstract> Abstract

A very brief summary of the materials being described, used primarily to encode bits of biographical or historical information about the creator and abridged statements about the scope, content, arrangement, or other descriptive details about the archival unit or one of its components. It is used within <did>. It may be extracted from other fields, such as <bioghist> and <scopecontent>. Within a <c> -> <did>, it indicates information specific to that component.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @encodinganalog – not required. May contain information to map this tag to a particular element in another schema. In particular, you may want to use MARC equivalents summary note (520$a) or biographical or historical data (545$a).
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @label – not required. This can be used when a meaningful display label for an element can’t be derived by the stylesheet from its name. It is available in all <did> subelements.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @localtype – not required. This attribute may be used within a number of elements. Its characteristics depend on the element to which it applies. There is no list of specific values for @localtype within <abstract>, but it may be used for encoding information.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<abstract> may contain text and any of the following elements: <abbr>, <corpname>, <date>, <emph>, <expan>, <famname>, <footnote>, <foreign>, <function>, <genreform>, <geogname>, <lb />, <name>, <num>, <occupation>, <persname>, <quote>, <ptr/>, <ref>, <subject>, and <title>.


The following are sample passages from Slytherin's journals:<lb/>
    <quote>Refining <foreign lang="spl" render="italic">Legilimency</foreign>. I believe I have discovered the secret of doing more than parsing thought. I may now twist memories to create visions.</quote>
    <quote>A quarrel today between my students and those mudbloods allowed in by Hufflepuff. It may become necessary to withhold the teaching of <foreign lang="spl" render="italic">Crucio</foreign> until the final year of studies. Hufflepuff has suggested that the matter should be brought before the Wizards' Council and wants to expel young Lucian.
    I will talk to Godric about instituting an internal court for trials concerning student matters. Expulsion should be a matter of last resort, for if we do not train these bright young talents, they may be vulnerable to Muggle courts and burning.</quote>

Changes from EAD 2002

<abstract> has gained @script attribute and <foreign> child element. It may no longer occur within <archref>. It loses <archref>, <bibref>, and <linkgrp> as child elements.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <abstract>