<archref> Archival Reference

<archref> is a reference element that provides a citation to separately described archival materials of special interest. Examples of such materials include a record group and one of its large series (which might have separate EAD-encoded finding aids) and a general reference to a collection with similar content.

It can be used to reference to another descriptive instance in <otherfindaid>. It can also be used to cite archival materials within a <bibliography>, <relatedmaterial>, or <separatedmaterial> element.

It should not be confused with <bibref> element, which is used to cite works that are published entities or individual items that are not usefully designated as archival materials.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @encodinganalog – not required. May contain information to map this tag to a particular element in another schema.
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<archref> may contain text as well as <abbr>, <corpname>, <date>, <emph>, <expan>, <famname>, <footnote>, <foreign>, <function>, <genreform>, <geogname>, <lb />, <name>, <num>, <occupation>, <persname>, <ptr/>, <quote>, <ref>, <subject>, and <title>.


  <head>Related material</head>
    <archref><title><part>Martha Russel Papers, 1962-2010</part></title>, #<num localtype="collection_id">mr012</num>, <ref href="https://piecemaking.edu/ark:/1313/mr012">view finding aid</ref></archref>

Changes from EAD 2002

Use of <archref> was removed from quite a few parent elements in EAD3. It lost most of its link-related functionality, attributes @actuate, @arcrole, @entityref, @href, @linktype, @role, @show, @title, and @xpointer. It gained @lang and @script. It lost child elements: <abstract>, <bibref>, <container>, <dao>, <daogrp> (deprecated), <extptr> (deprecated), <extref> (deprecated), <note> (deprecated), <origination>, <physdesc>, <physloc>, <repository>, <unitdate>, <unitid>, and <unittitle>. It added child elements: <corpname>, <date>, <famname>, <footnote>, <function>, <genreform>, <name>, <num>, <occupation>, <persname>, <quote>, and <subject>.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <archref>