<foreign> Foreign

<foreign> is a new element in EAD3 used to encode text that is in a different language or script than the surrounding text. The element is derived from TEI. It may be used within: <abstract>, <addressline>, <archref>, <author>, <bibref>, <citation>, <container>, <date>, <datesingle>, <didnote>, <dimensions>, <edition>, <emph>, <entry>, <event>, <fromdate>, <head>, <head01>, <head02>, <head03>, <item>, <label>, <materialspec>, <num>, <p>, <part>, <physdesc>, <physfacet>, <physloc>, <publisher>, <quote>, <sponsor>, <subtitle>, <titleproper>, <todate>, <unitdate>, <unitid>, and <unittitle>.


  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @langnot required but relevant. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @render – not required. Use to specify how the element should be displayed. Possible values are: altrender, bold, bolddoublequote, bolditalic, boldsinglequote, boldsmcaps, boldunderline, doublequote, italic, nonproport, singlequote, smcaps, sub, super, and underline.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<foreign> may only contain text.


<event><persname identifier="http://id.quiltlink.org/people/2847245"><part>Lo</part> <part>Mao</part> <part>Moua</part></persname> establishes <corpname><part>Pennsylvania Hmong Crafts</part></corpname> to sell Amish-style quilts alongside <foreign lang="hmn" render="italic">paj ntaub</foreign> and Hmong embroidery in the tourist district of Intercourse, PA.</event>

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <foreign>