<head> Heading

<head> is a generic element used to designate a title or caption for a section of text, including a list. In many cases, it is optional where at least one other element is required. Do not confuse with <thead>, which creates a table header, or <head01>, <head02>, and <head03>, which are child elements of <listhead>.

<head> may be used within <accessrestrict>, <accruals>, <acqinfo>, <altformavail>, <appraisal>, <arrangement>, <bibliography>, <bioghist>, <c>, <c01> to <c12>, <chronlist>, <controlaccess>, <custodhist>, <did>, <dsc>, <fileplan>, <index>, <legalstatus>, <list>, <odd>, <originalsloc>, <otherfindaid>, <phystech>, <prefercite>, <processinfo>, <relatedmaterial>, <scopecontent>, <separatedmaterial>, <table>, and <userestrict>.


  • @althead – not required. An alternative short form of the heading element <head> that might be used, for example, to create a running header.
  • @altrender – not required. Use if the content of the element should be displayed or printed differently than the rendering established in a style sheet for other occurrences of the element.
  • @audience – not required. Use to set whether the element’s contents will be visible to external users or to internal ones. Possible values are: “internal” and “external.”
  • @id – not required. Creates an ID for element. Can be used for linking.
  • @lang – not required. Three-letter code that indicates the language in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 639-2b.
  • @script – not required. Four-letter code that indicates the script in which the element’s contents were written. It should come from ISO 15924.

Child Elements

<head> may contain text, <abbr>, <emph>, <expan>, <foreign>, <lb />, <ptr/>, <ref>.


  <head>Restrictions on Access</head>
  <p>The collection is open for reearch. The following series require review by the archivist to redact protected information:</p>
  <list listtype="unordered">
    <item>Meeting Notes (for records less than 20 years old)</item>
  <head>Scope and Content of the Collection</head>
  <p>The collection contains departmental business records: meeting notes, policies, grants, and annual reports. A selection of syllabuses ranging from 1978-1999 reflect the department's practice of allowing prospective and enrolled students to browse a course's contents before registration. The collection also contains recordings of symposia and colloquia sponsored by the department.</p>

Changes from EAD 2002

<head> gained @lang and @script. It may now be used within <legalstatus> and can no longer be used within a few other elements, some deprecated. It gained child elements <abbr>, <expan>, <foreign>, and <ref>.

EAD3 Tag Library Entry

View the official tag library entry for <head>